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COSMHYC August 2016
The project COSMHYC, funded by the European Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), took up its work in January 2017 for 3 years of effort towards the development of innovative technologies for hydrogen refuelling stations. LBST will be responsible for the techno-economic analysis. The 5 consortium partners from 3 European countries (Germany, France and Denmark), jointly covering the whole value chain from development to industrial implementation in the field of hydrogen refuelling stations.

 

92 new hydrogen refuelling stations worldwide in 2016 February 2017
92 new hydrogen refuelling stations have opened throughout the world in 2016, the largest number of new stations ever. As of January 2017, the total number of hydrogen refuelling stations in operation is 274 including four opened at the beginning of this year. This is the result of the ninth annual assessment by H2stations.org, a website of Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik (LBST) and TÜV SÜD.

 

LBST and partners develop “Integrated Energy Concept 2050“ for the German Federal Transport Ministry January 2017
On the premises of the German Transport Ministry on 12 January 2017, the project “Integrated Energy Concept 2050” had its kick-off. Its objective is to develop a roadmap for the regulatory environment on the basis of robust reference scenarios: How will energy supply and demand of all sectors develop, how will sector coupling develop until 2050? Which decisions have to be taken at which point in time in order to ensure optimum use of more and more renewable electricity in transport, and also in space heating and industry? The “Energiewende” is lagging behind in transport: CO2 emissions in transport are stagnating. In order to achieve the goal of a 80% to 95% reduction until 2050 more action is required. In this context, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure has commissioned the study for an integrated energy concept 2050. It has selected an integrated approach covering all consumption sectors as it is to be expected that an integrated energy concept including electricity, transport, heating and industry will be the most sustainable and thus future-oriented. The study, which is coordinated by NOW (National Organisation Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology), will be led by Becker Büttner Held (BBH) in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE), the Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility (IKEM) as well as Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH (LBST). On 12 January the kick-off took place at the Transport Ministry with some 40 participants from parliament, ministries, associations, industry, federal states and the European Commission discussing the objectives and approaches of the study. These stakeholders are organized in three boards accompanying and advising the consortium in regular meetings.

 

Sustainable Materials Handling – news from the HyLIFT-EUROPE project January 2017
LBST is the coordinator of HyLIFT-EUROPE, the largest European demonstration of hydrogen fuel cell materials handling vehicles to date. The project aim and recent successes are covered in a headline article in the Industry Europe magazine (there on page 6).

 

German delegation presents PtL study to UN aviation organisation December 2016
The German Federal Transport Ministry (BMVI) has introduced to CAEP members from the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) the study ‘Power-to-Liquids – Potentials and Perspectives for the Future Supply of Renewable Aviation Fuel’. The study was commissioned by the German Environment Agency (UBA) and jointly prepared by LBST and Bauhaus Luftfahrt experts. The PtL technology offers the potential for strong environmental benefits, provided that electricity, CO2 and water from renewable sources are used.

 

Comparing CNG and LNG as fuels in long-haul truck transport June 2016
Can natural gas be used as a future fuel for long-haul truck transport? An LBST expert assessment for Open Grid Europe assesses technologies (engines and CNG tanks including the regulations for their vehicle integration), CNG fuelling stations with high capacity, infrastructure roll-out options, environmental aspects and costs in comparison to LNG and diesel long haul trucks. (German only)

 

Franco-German Innovation Award – LBST among top three finalists June 2016
An LBST study has been nominated for the final round of the Franco-German Innovation Award for Renewable Energies. The case study ‘Renewable power-to-gas for use in refineries’ describes the potential use of renewable hydrogen in French and German crude-oil refineries and its benefits for the energy transition. The analysis was developed by LBST with its partner Hinicio and commissioned by Paris-based Tuck Foundation. On the occasion of the Franco-German Business Conference, the nominees presented their projects on 14 June at the French Embassy in Berlin. The winning project was “REstable” dealing with control strategies for virtual power plants. Congratulations!

 

LBST presented power-to-hydrogen for refineries at JRC workshop May 2016
On the occasion of a workshop on 'Power-to-Hydrogen: key challenges and next steps' - organized by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre at CEN/CENELEC premises in Brussels - Patrick Schmidt presented the case of renewable power-to-hydrogen production for use in crude-oil refineries. The presentation gives an overview over results from a recent expertise for the Tuck Foundation (Paris) as well as recommendations for the development of the regulatory framework to foster the use of renewable power-to-hydrogen in refineries.

 

Danish minister cuts first sod for power-to-gas demo HyBalance April 2016
The Danish Minister for Climate, Energy and Building, Lars Chr. Lilleholt attended the groundbreaking ceremony for the power-to-gas plant in Hobro/Denmark. The plant is part of the EU/Danish HyBalance demonstration project. It will deliver hydrogen from 2017. LBST is contributing to this project with environmental performance analyses.

 

Fiftyfour new hydrogen refuelling stations worldwide in 2015 March 2016
Fiftyfour new hydrogen refuelling stations have opened throughout the world in 2015. The total number of hydrogen refuelling stations in operation is 214. This is the result of the eighth annual assessment by H2stations.org, a website of Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik (LBST) and TÜV SÜD.

 

Power-to-gas: Short term and long term opportunities to leverage synergies between the electricity and transport sectors Februar 2016
A joint study for the French Tuck Foundation LBST with its partner Hinicio assess potential opportunities leverage synergies between the electricity, the transport, and industry sectors through the use of power-to-gas technology with renewable electricity. The assessment includes technical and economic considerations with a geographical scope on France and Germany. LBST provided Germany specific inputs on regulatory, technology, and economy. A particular application case assessed the potential of green hydrogen as a feedstock for refineries, analysing resulting renewable power demands, electrolyser cost reduction, greenhouse gas emission reduction, and impact on conventional fuel costs.

 

Demonstrating the use of green hydrogen in energy systems - Press Release February 2016
One of Europe’s most advanced hydrogen facilities will be established in Denmark. Air Liquide, Hydrogenics, LBST, Neas Energy, Hydrogen Valley/CEMTEC and the European Joint Technology Initiative have signed a contract to build one of Europe’s largest facilities for production of green hydrogen.

Download

 

Renewables in Transport 2050 – Empowering a sustainable mobility future with zero emission fuels from renewable electricity – Europe and Germany January 2016
A study by LBST mandated by and in collaboration with the Research Association for Combustion Engines e.V. (FVV).
Three explorative fuel/drive scenarios (PTL, FVV, eMob) were defined and combined with two distinct transportation demand scenarios (HIGH, LOW) comprising all major vehicle categories (cars, buses, trucks, trains, ships, planes). The primary energy base for the fuels was modelled as a target scenario, assuming a 100% renewable supply base by 2050 and focusing on renewable electricity for battery-electric vehicles and overhead lines, and PtH2, PtCH4, as well as PtL for fuel cell-electric and internal combustion engine (hybrid) vehicles. An LBST-model calculated the resulting fuel demands, renewable electricity demands, fuel production and distribution costs, fuel-related greenhouse gas emission avoidance costs, and the cumulated investments until 2050 for an energy transition in transport.

FVV - Download

 

Study on Hydrogen from Renewable Resources in the EU December 2015
Hydrogen can be produced from a broad range of renewable energy sources, providing low or zero emission energy to all energy consuming sectors. At present, the technology of choice to produce renewable ‘green’ hydrogen is water electrolysis using renewable electricity. This study focuses on renewable hydrogen generation other than electrolysis, describing the technologies involved, characterising their technical capabilities, maturity, and economic performance, and assessing their future potential.

 

Integrated action plan for climate protection in Munich November 2015
Jointly with its partners FutureCamp Climate and Green City Energy, LBST supports the city of Munich in its integrated action plan for climate protection, uniting all climate protection related activities of the city government. Measures and actions towards Munich’s climate protection goals will be discussed and developed over the course of 8 topical workshops with city officials and selected stakeholders.

 

Hydrogen rail infrastructure October 2015
LBST, jointly with EY Ernst & Young, Becker Büttner Held, TÜV SÜD Rail, SIGNON Deutschland, and IFOK supports the German Ministry of Transport within a research project assessing requirements for an integration of hydrogen supply into the German rail infrastructure. The project considers all technical, legal, and economical issues and aims at developing suitable recommendations.

 

Modern power grids September 2015
The German Büro für Technikfolgenabschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag (Office of Technology Assessment at the German Bundestag) has published its report on “Modern power grids as key element in a sustainable supply of energy”. In cooperation with TÜV SÜD, LBST energy experts Patrick Schmidt and Tetyana Raksha have contributed to the TAB Report with a background study on “Modern Technologies for the Optimisation of Electricity Grids". In the TAB Report a comprehensive overview on technical and operational options, environmental performance, and benefit/risks with regard to the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is given.

 

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: Seventeen new hydrogen refuelling stations worldwide in 2014 April 2015
Seventeen new hydrogen refuelling stations have opened throughout the world in 2014. As of March 2015, the total number of hydrogen refuelling stations in operation is 184. This is the result of the seventh annual assessment by H2stations.org, a website of Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik (LBST) and TÜV SÜD. Several countries are planning a targeted development of their hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. As a result, the number of publicly accessible stations will increase further. Press release

 

Renewables in transport – Potentials and perspectives of various renewable energies and transport fuel consumption March 2015
A study by German institutes LBST, DLR, IFEU and DBFZ in the framework of the Scientific Advisory to the Federal Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS) to the German Transport Ministry (BMVI. Available in German language.

 

LNG in Germany: Liquefied Natural Gas and Renewable Methane in Heavy-Duty Road Transport September 2014
A short expertise commissioned by the German Energy Agency (dena). LBST contributed with background analyses in terms of life-cycle analyses for the production, transport, distribution, and use of LNG as a transport fuel. The dena White Paper contributes to the discussion about the role of LNG and renewable methane in transport in order to achieve energy and climate targets as well as diversification of the fuel base of freight road transports. The dena White Paper thus describes the chances, challenges, and possible next steps for introducing LNG in heavy-duty vehicles.

 

The role of hydrogen and fuel cells for the German „Energiewende“ – status and perspectives June 2014
Study for the Landesagentur für Elektromobilität und Brennstoffzellen-technologie Baden-Württemberg GmbH. The study provides an overview over the current status of developments and discussions of the role of hydrogen and fuel cells in the German “Energiewende” (energy transition) from a technical and a strategic perspective. (German only)

 

Power-to-Gas (PtG) in transport - Status quo and perspectives for development May 2014
Power-to-Gas (PtG) . A short study by German institutes LBST, IFEU, DLR, and DBFZ in the framework of the Scientific Advisory to the Federal Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS) to the German Transport Ministry (BMVI).

 

Well-to-Wheels (WTW) Analysis of Future Automotive Fuels and Powertrains in the European Context April 2014
LBST has been instrumental in finalizing the new version 4a of the Well-to-Tank report for the JEC (JRC, CONCAWE, EUCAR) consortium. Jointly with the Tank-to-Wheel report, it evaluates the greenhouse gas emissions and energy efficiency of European transport fuel and powertrain options, covering the time horizon 2010 to 2020+. The study results are regularly updated by incorporating best available data on process improvements reported by relevant stakeholders. The results provide a scientifically robust and broadly accepted European reference on fuel and energy pathways.

 

On the road to sustainable energy supply in road transport – potentials of CNG and LPG as transportation fuels“ April 2014
A short study by German institutes LBST, IFEU, DLR, and DBFZ in the framework of the Scientific Advisory to the Federal Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS). The study has been initiated by the German Federal Transport Ministry (BMVBS) to feed upcoming discussions on the post 2018 energy taxation regime (EnergieStG) of gaseous fuels for transport. To this end, the economics and environmental performance of CNG and LPG as transport fuels for cars have been analysed; recommendations for the future energy taxation have been derived.

 

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: Eleven new hydrogen refuelling stations worldwide in 2013 March 2014
Eleven new hydrogen refuelling stations opened throughout the world in 2013, bringing the total number of hydrogen refuelling stations in operation to 186 as of March 2014. This is the result of the sixth annual assessment by H2stations.org, a website of Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik (LBST) and TÜV SÜD. According to the information available to Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik, a total of 72 hydrogen refuelling stations are currently operated in Europe, 67 in North America, one in South America, and 46 in Asia. Press release

 

The Impact of the Oil Price on EU Energy Prices March 2014

Study for the European Parliament. Oil prices have increased considerably over the past years at global level, while natural gas and other energy prices have seen differing developments in each world region. The present report examines the level of impact of high oil prices on European energy prices and analyses the underlying mechanisms. Policy options to reduce this impact are discussed.

Executive Summary

 

Results of the FVV Fuel Study on "Future Fuels for Combustion Engines & Gas Turbines" November 2013
An LBST expertise commissioned by the Forschungsvereinigung Verbrennungskraft-maschinen e.V. (FVV Research Association for Combustion Engines). Target question for this study was, which fuels may become relevant in the foreseeable future in order to derive research and development needs for next generation combustion engines and turbines. To this end, the (alternative) fuel landscape has been characterised and 10 fuel pathways – among others unconventional fossil and electricity-based renewable fuels, including power-to-gas and power-to-liquids – have been selected by the study-accompanying FVV task force members for a comprehensive assessment with regard to environmental performance, market aspects, economics, availability and potentials, and infrastructure requirements. Most of the fuels selected for detailed analyses differ significantly in their physical/chemical properties from the reference fuels established today. The number of different fuels may rather be expected to increase worldwide in the foreseeable future. Combustion engines and turbines can address many of the upcoming challenges in meaningful ways that arise from changes in the energy system in general and specific applications therein, e.g. “Energiewende”, pollutant emission reductions etc. For this, taking a broad fuel portfolio into account is essential. Research needs in the use of novel fuels – be it neat or blended – in optimised combustion engines and gas turbines are evident, especially with regard to novel system contexts (e.g. hybridisation), application contexts (e.g. fluctuating renewable supply, assured power provision), and targets (efficiency, emissions, costs).

 

Roadmap for the Realisation of a Wind Hydrogen Economy in the Lower Elbe Region August 2013
Using the Lower Elbe region as a model, a commercial implementation concept for the generation, storage, transport, and use of wind hydrogen was examined under the auspices of ChemCoast e.V. For this comprehensive study, LBST has been joining hands with accounting firm Ernst & Young GmbH and leading energy law firm Becker Büttner Held. Due to the high density of hydrogen producers and consumers the area is in a key position for establishing a common hydrogen market benefitting all players. Providing a core infrastructure (pipeline and storage cavern) and a stable legal framework creates exciting perspectives for further future growth of the region: location-securing effects for the local chemical industry; further development of internationally leading pilot activities in the use of hydrogen in the transport sector; and fundamental support of the German energy turnaround by systemically relevant energy storage capacities.

 

Short Study: Using CNG and LPG as a vehicle fuel August 2013
Also part of the efforts towards devising the German mobility and fuels strategy, this study examines facts, arguments, and boundary conditions for a continued public support of CNG and LPG as a vehicle fuel.

 

Short Study: Biomass Potential and Competing Use Juli 2013
LBST, jointly with DLR, IFEU, and DBFZ, provides expert support to the German Federal Ministry of Transport in devising the German mobility and fuels strategy. As part of that process, a study on competition between cultivation of food crops, animal feed, and energy crops and potential ecological and social consequences has been published, including an outlook on German and international biomass potentials (German only)

 

Hungarian Shale Gas – Impacts on the Environent and Human Health May 2013
Unconventional gas exploitation implies a higher level of potential risks and threats on the environment and on human health than conventional gas exploitation. This present analysis provides a general risk appraisal by identifying possible impacts of shale gas extraction in a selected Eastern European area.

 

Fossil and Nuclear Fuels – the Supply Outlook March 2013
Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH (LBST) has led efforts for a study covering the global supply situation for global fossil fuel reserves commissioned by the Energy Watch Group, a non-partisan international network of scientists and parliamentarians. The study shows that availability of cheap and hitherto abundant fossil fuels is nearing its end. The results are based on a thorough analysis of reliable data on existing exploration activities, which are used to assess future development.

 

Wind-Hydrogen-Applications in the region Unterelbe January 2013
Is it economically feasible to convert wind power into hydrogen? How can this innovative technology be used along the entire value-chain? In an extensive study for ChemCoast e.V., LBST; BBH und E&Y are performing a market analysis and developing real-world business plans for private market participants.

 

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