LBST Newsletter Q1.2017: Setting the course for a zero-emission future


Dear Friends of LBST,


the results of the COP21 UN Climate Conference in Paris have served as a strong reminder to stakeholders in industry and policy that further emission reduction measures are required in all sectors, and that there is no time to waste. Limiting global warming to below 2°C will require profound changes to the ways we produce and consume energy, affecting the provision of electricity, heat, transport, and industrial energy use.



In particular the transport sector – moving people and goods on roads, rails, in ships, or by air – faces the dramatic challenge to essentially quit using fossil fuels in the next two decades. Additionally, many metropolitan areas will push for zero-emission transport to curb pollution. All this requires new fuels and drives. The increasing coupling between up to now largely unconnected energy sectors will also shape the development of new infrastructures and business models.


LBST is supporting public and private customers with these challenges as a competent guide through new terrain, shedding light on technology developments, business opportunities, and the regulatory environment. Our techno-economic analyses, feasibility studies, and strategic action plans provide a reliable basis for client decisions.


Many of our focus areas are covered in this newsletter through recent activity and publications by LBST experts in the field. Please do not hesitate to get in touch with us for more detail.


Best regards,
Uwe Albrecht and the LBST-team



Emission reduction in transport and electricity-based fuels


       Power-to-Liquids – Potentials and Perspectives for the Future Supply of Renewable Aviation Fuel
Jointly with Bauhaus Luftfahrt e.V., LBST has put together strength and weaknesses, opportunities, and potential risks associated with the use of synthetic electricity-based renewable fuels (Power-to-Liquids PtL) for aviation in a study for the German Environment Agency (UBA). A corresponding
background paper was presented during the ICAO General Assembly in Montreal.
LBST contact:
Patrick Schmidt

       Comparing CNG and LNG as a fuel for long-haul truck transport
Can compressed natural gas (CNG) be a suitable fuel for long-haul truck transport? An
LBST-study (German only) for Open Grid Europe (OGE) looks at the necessary vehicle and tank technologies as well as at regulatory aspects, requirements on refuelling stations and infrastructure roll-out, environmental performance, and costs compared to the use of LNG and Diesel..
LBST contact:
Ulrich Bünger

       Renewables in Transport 2050
LBST has provided a detailed study entitled
Renewables in Transport 2050 – Empowering a sustainable mobility future with zero emission fuels from renewable electricity – Europe and Germanyfor the Research Association for Combustion Engines e.V. (FVV). A comprehensive scenario analysis explores paths towards a 100% renewable supply base by 2050, focusing on renewable electricity and renewable PtX-fuels. Modelling includes fuel demands, renewable electricity demands, fuel costs, fuel-related greenhouse gas emission avoidance costs, and cumulated investments until 2050.
GHG reduction goals for transport were also addressed in a separate study for the
German Environment Agency UBA (German only)
LBST contact:
Patrick Schmidt

Hydrogen as a transport fuel


       Market cockpit“ hydrogen
Already for more than 2 years, LBST has been providing targeted quarterly information on hydrogen, markets and technologies with a focus on mobility. So far, it is available in German only, but an English version is being considered.
Older example issues are available
here. Please get in touch if you are interest in becoming a subscriber.
LBST contact:
Jan Zerhusen

       Hydrogen infrastructure for rail
LBST, jointly with EY, Becker Büttner Held, TÜV SÜD Rail, SIGNON Deutschland, and IFOK has supported the German Ministry of Transport within a research project assessing
requirements for an integration of hydrogen supply into the German rail infrastructure. The assessment considers all technical, legal, and economical issues; suitable recommendations are made.
LBST contact:
Dr. Ulrich Bünger

       Commercialising hydrogen technology
comprehensive joint study (German only) of the national aeronautics and space research centre (DLR) and LBST for the German state of Baden Württemberg investigates the potential contribution of renewable hydrogen to the energy and transport system until 2030. The analyses cover application areas, required infrastructures, coupling of electricity and hydrogen generation, as well as financial and environmental consequences.
LBST contact:
Dr. Ulrich Bünger

       Hydrogen from renewable sources
Hydrogen can be produced from a broad range of renewable energy sources, providing low or zero emission energy to all energy consuming sectors. So far, the technology of choice to produce renewable ‘green’ hydrogen is water electrolysis using renewable electricity. In a
study for the European Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) we focus on renewable hydrogen generation other than electrolysis, describing the technologies involved, characterising their technical capabilities, maturity, and economic performance, and assessing their future potential
LBST contact:
Dr. Ulrich Bünger

       Our website continues to provide the most complete and up to date overview on hydrogen refuelling stations globally. Basic data are available free of charge on the continuously updated and heavily frequented site.
Please get in touch if you are interested in more detailed station data, customized analyses, push updates, or marketing opportunities.
LBST contact:
Evi Pschorr-Schoberer

Sector coupling


       Power-to-gas: Short term and long term opportunities to leverage synergies between the electricity and transport sectors
Partnering with Hinicio, we assess potential opportunities to leverage synergies between the electricity, the transport, and industry sectors through the use of power-to-gas technology with renewable electricity. The study includes technical and economic considerations with a geographical scope on France and Germany. A particular application case assesses the potential of green hydrogen as a feedstock for refineries, analysing resulting renewable power demands, electrolyser cost reduction, greenhouse gas emission reduction, and impact on conventional fuel costs.
LBST contact: Patrick Schmidt

       Integrated Energy Concept 2050
How will energy supply and demand of all sectors develop, how will sector coupling develop until 2050? Which decisions have to be taken at which point in time in order to ensure optimum use of more and more renewable electricity in transport, and also in space heating and industry? Commissioned by the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, LBST is addressing these questions jointly with BBH, EY, and Fraunhofer ISE in an ongoing study project.
LBST contact: Dr. Ulrich Bünger
, Matthias Altmann




LBST experts will be present at e.g. the following events – please get in touch to arrange for a meeting.

-          „Elektromobilität vor Ort“ - 4. Fachkonferenz des BMVI, Munich 21.-22.2.17

-          11th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2017), Düsseldorf 14.-16.3.17

-          FutureCamp Frühjahrstagung „CSR und verpflichtende Nachhaltigkeitsberichterstattung“, München 15.3.17

-          IKEM Jahrestagung 2017, „Energiewende durch Sektorenkopplung - alles auf Strom?!“, Berlin 22.3.17

-          Bayerisches Wasserstoff-Forum im Rahmen der 4. Energiemesse element-e 2017, Energiepark Hirschaid 1.4.17

-          FfE-Fachtagung 2017: Perspektiven für ein effizienteres Energiesystem, Munich 5.4.17

-          The Global Energy Village, Bratislava 2.-4.5.17



LBST – Consultants for Sustainable Energy and Mobility


Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH (LBST) is an expert consultant for sustainable energy and mobility. With our expertise bridging technologies, markets, and policy we support international clients from industry, finance, politics, and non-governmental organisations in strategy, feasibility and market assessments. International blue-chip companies trust in our reliable judgment.
Our cutting edge competence is based on over three decades of continuous experience, and on our interdisciplinary team of leading experts.

LBST supports its clients with

technology assessment and due diligence; energy and infrastructure concepts; feasibility studies

product portfolio analysis; identifying new products and services; market analysis; decision support; and policy support

life cycle and carbon footprint analyses; natural resources assessment (energy, minerals, water); sustainability due diligence

project management, monitoring and assessment

studies; briefings; expert workshops; trainings


Particular expertise exists in energy (renewables, energy storage, hydrogen and fuel cells) and mobility (fuels and drives, infrastructure, mobility concepts), with our work in sustainability cutting across all sectors.
A key common denominator of all activities is the rigorous system approach, making sure all relevant elements of a tightly networked system are taken into account, and providing our customers with a comprehensive and complete basis for their decisions.

With its deep understanding of developments and technologies and its truly independent advice, LBST helps its clients to secure their future.


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© Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH 2017